REVISTA

Refinamiento y validación parcial de la escala de dolor compuesta multidimensional UNESP-Botucatu para evaluar el dolor postoperatorio en caballos

Descripción: La escala de dolor se perfeccionó. Comportamientos que pueden usarse para evaluar el dolor en condiciones clínicas y experimentales en caballos

TITULO FUENTE ORIGINAL:

Refinement and partial validation of the UNESP-Botucatu multidimensional composite pain scale for assessing postoperative pain in horses

AUTORES:

Taffarel MO, Luna SP, de Oliveira FA, Cardoso GS, Alonso Jde M, Pantoja JC, Brondani JT, Love E, Taylor P, White K, Murrell JC

REVISTA ABREV.:

BMC Vet Res

AÑO:

2015

REFERENCIA:

11:83

DOI:

10.1186/s12917-015-0395-8

RESUMEN ORIGINAL:

BACKGROUND:
Quantification of pain plays a vital role in the diagnosis and management of pain in animals. In order to refine and validate an acute pain scale for horses a prospective, randomized, blinded study was conducted. Twenty-four client owned adult horses were recruited and allocated to one of four following groups: anaesthesia only (GA); pre-emptive analgesia and anaesthesia...
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BACKGROUND:
Quantification of pain plays a vital role in the diagnosis and management of pain in animals. In order to refine and validate an acute pain scale for horses a prospective, randomized, blinded study was conducted. Twenty-four client owned adult horses were recruited and allocated to one of four following groups: anaesthesia only (GA); pre-emptive analgesia and anaesthesia (GAA,); anaesthesia, castration and postoperative analgesia (GC); or pre-emptive analgesia, anaesthesia and castration (GCA). One investigator, unaware of the treatment group, assessed all horses at time-points before and after intervention and completed the pain scale. Videos were also obtained at these time-points and were evaluated by a further four blinded evaluators who also completed the scale. The data were used to investigate the relevance, specificity, criterion validity and inter- and intra-observer reliability of each item on the pain scale, and to evaluate construct validity and responsiveness of the scale.

RESULTS:
Construct validity was demonstrated by the observed differences in scores between the groups, four hours after anaesthetic recovery and before administration of systemic analgesia in the GC group. Inter- and intra-observer reliability for the items was only satisfactory. Subsequently the pain scale was refined, based on results for relevance, specificity and total item correlation.

CONCLUSIONS:
Scale refinement and exclusion of items that did not meet predefined requirements generated a selection of relevant pain behaviours in horses. After further validation for reliability, these may be used to evaluate pain under clinical and experimental conditions

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ENLACES DE INTERÉS

Enlace al pdf de acceso libre: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC[...]