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Anestesia en porcinos: optimización de un modelo de laboratorio para optimizar la investigación traslacional

REVISTA

Descripción: Los cerdos son animales de laboratorio populares ya que su fisiología cardiorrespiratoria es muy similar a la de los humanos, en este artículo se dan indicaciones acerca de su manejo, instalaciones, protocolos, etc

TITULO FUENTE ORIGINAL:

Anesthesia in swine : optimizing a laboratory model to optimize translational research

AUTORES:

D Pehböck, H Dietrich, G Klima, P Paal, K H Lindner, V Wenzel

REVISTA ABREV.:

Anaesthesist

AÑO:

2015

REFERENCIA:

64(1):65-70

DOI:

10.1007/s00101-014-2371-2

RESUMEN ORIGINAL:

In order to extrapolate novel therapies from the bench to the bedside (translational research), animal experiments are scientifically necessary. Swine are popular laboratory animals as their cardiorespiratory physiology is very similar to humans. Every study has to be approved by the local and/or national animal ethical committees. As swine are extremely sensitive to stress the primary goal is... + Leer más

In order to extrapolate novel therapies from the bench to the bedside (translational research), animal experiments are scientifically necessary. Swine are popular laboratory animals as their cardiorespiratory physiology is very similar to humans. Every study has to be approved by the local and/or national animal ethical committees. As swine are extremely sensitive to stress the primary goal is therefore to provide a calm, stress-free environment in both housing and experimental facilities. Swine should be properly sedated for transport and normothermia needs to be ensured. It is recommended to commence anesthesia by injecting ketamine and propofol followed by endotracheal intubation during spontaneous breathing. After intubation, anesthesia maintenance is performed with morphine or piritramide, propofol and rocuronium and routine monitoring is applied analogue to a clinical operating theater for humans. Normothermia (38.5 °C) needs to be ensured. While surgical procedures can be readily extrapolated from a human operating theater to swine, non-anesthesiologist scientists may lose the animal rapidly due to airway management problems. Vascular access can be secured by cut-downs or ultrasound-guided techniques in the inguinal and the neck region. For humane euthanasia of pigs, morphine, followed by propofol, rocuronium and potassium chloride are recommended. As radical animal right groups may threaten scientists, it is prudent that animal laboratories have unmarked entrance doors, are located in buildings that are not accessible to the public and strictly controlled access of laboratory staff is enforced. In conclusion, swine are an excellent laboratory animal for bench to bedside research and can be managed properly when basic knowledge and adequate skills on careful handling, anesthesia and surgical considerations are present

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