REVISTA

Evaluación de la analgesia postoperatoria, en función de la recuperación del apetito, de dos protocolos de fármacos inyectables en cirugía de castraci

Descripción: Evalúan dos protocolos anestésicos inyectables para la cirugía de castración en gatos, el objetivo era determinar la equivalencia en términos de analgesia postoperatoria. Un objetivo secundario fue evaluar el comportamiento alimentario postoperatorio

TITULO FUENTE ORIGINAL:

Assessing analgesia equivalence and appetite following alfaxalone- or ketamine-based injectable anesthesia for feline castration as an example of enhanced recovery after surgery

AUTORES:

Armstrong T, Wagner MC, Cheema J, Pang DS

REVISTA ABREV.:

J Feline Med Surg

AÑO:

2018

REFERENCIA:

20(2):73-82

DOI:

10.1177/1098612X17693517

RESUMEN ORIGINAL:

Objectives The primary study objective was to assess two injectable anesthetic protocols, given to facilitate castration surgery in cats, for equivalence in terms of postoperative analgesia. A secondary objective was to evaluate postoperative eating behavior. Methods Male cats presented to a local clinic were randomly assigned to receive either intramuscular ketamine (5 mg/kg, n = 26; KetHD)... + Leer más

Objectives The primary study objective was to assess two injectable anesthetic protocols, given to facilitate castration surgery in cats, for equivalence in terms of postoperative analgesia. A secondary objective was to evaluate postoperative eating behavior. Methods Male cats presented to a local clinic were randomly assigned to receive either intramuscular ketamine (5 mg/kg, n = 26; KetHD) or alfaxalone (2 mg/kg, n = 24; AlfHD) in combination with dexmedetomidine (25 μg/kg) and hydromorphone (0.05 mg/kg). All cats received meloxicam (0.3 mg/kg SC) and intratesticular lidocaine (2 mg/kg). Species-specific pain and sedation scales were applied at baseline, 1, 2 and 4 h postoperatively. Time taken to achieve sternal recumbency and begin eating were also recorded postoperatively. Results Pain scale scores were low and showed equivalence between the treatment groups at all time points (1 h, P = 0.38, 95% confidence interval [CI] of the difference between group scores 0-0; 2 h, P = 0.71, 95% CI 0-0; 4 h, P = 0.97, 95% CI 0-0). Four cats crossed the threshold for rescue analgesia (KetHD, n = 1; AlfHD, n = 3). At 1 h, more cats in the KetHD (65%) group than in the AlfHD (42%) group were sedated, but statistical significance was not detected ( P = 0.15, 95% CI -1 to 0). Most AlfHD cats (88%) began eating by 1 h vs 65% of KetHD cats ( P = 0.039). Time to recover sternal recumbency did not differ between groups ( P = 0.86, 95% CI -14.1 to 11.8). Conclusions and relevance These results show that AlfHD and KetHD provide equivalent analgesia as part of a multimodal injectable anesthetic protocol. Alfaxalone is associated with an earlier return to eating

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